In 1895, a fashion icon was born, Cristobal Balenciaga. The name of this great designer still evokes excellence, perfectionism, and refinement of detail. While his classical style is recognizable, his Spanish origins have reduced the austerity in his creations. But, his classical and uncluttered style, allowed him to count among its clients, queens of Spain and Belgium, Princess Grace of Monaco and the Duchess of Windsor.
Moreover, his work influenced many famous designers like Oscar de la Renta, André Courrèges and even Hubert de Givenchy.
Also, Cristobal Balenciaga was well known for his evening dresses, where embroidery and boleros just accessorize the perfect fit of his creations. But his personal touch lies in the draping, which he continued to evolve all his life. Which shows his wish to be vanguard. The “Baby Doll” dresses, he created in 1958, summarize the trend of the stylist.
The 50’s were the consecration for him, thanks to three creations:
• The semi-fitted tailored suit in 1952, which was curved in front and fuzzy at the back.
• The tunic dress in 1955, with a straight line just emphasizing the waist.
• The Baby Doll dress in 1958, with its childlike style all in lace.
Building on this success, and after a stint in the abyss, it’s Nicolas Ghesquière who was chosen to refresh the fashion house.
Born in 1971, at first, as assistant to Jean-Paul Gauthier, then stylist at Thierry Mugler and finally designer at Trussardi, where he gained experience. Next he was appointed to be artistic director of the collection “Dix” to Balenciaga.
Under his romantic gait, hides the man who resurrected Balenciaga. Indeed, while maintaining the spirit of Cristobal Balenciaga, he was able to refresh the brand. And even to redefine the line of that mythical house. Thanks to his talent, Nicolas Ghesquière became one these unavoidable creators.
As Cristobal Balenciaga, Nicolas Ghesquière combined chic and vanguard in his creations. This visionary fed his futuristic inspiration with science fiction, like Star Wars or Logan’s run. Sport is also one of his influences, with sportswear cut clothes.
Even if each collection retains the original spirit of Balenciaga, Ghesquière brings a futuristic touch, combined to a brief return to the past. Indeed during the last Fashion Week in Paris, the fall/winter 2012-2013 collection of Balenciaga associated the 80’s with science fiction. Revisited varsity jackets, with different elements that remind one of Star Wars, formed the outfits.
Finally, as Cristobal Balenciaga, Nicolas Ghesquière will never let himself be dictated by commercial criteria. These two designers precede the fashion trend, through their futuristic vision. Otherwise, we remember the view of C. Balenciaga on Pierre Cardin, who, according to him, sold off his brand.